Residential properties use thousands of litres of water every year. In addition to the clean water that is required for drinking, cooking, and other human consumption, homes tend to use drinkable water for purposes such as bathing, cleaning, and using the toilet. During a time when environmental conservation is a top concern for many people, it is important to realise that waste water from the home can be recycled, treated and reused for many different purposes.
In urban areas, waste is typically collected by a centralised sewer system that runs into a common waste water reservoir. Rural homes typically manage their waste water within the premises. Regardless of location, reusing waste water can pose numerous benefits for your home.
Types of waste water and their respective uses
When water enters the drainage system of the home, it becomes one of two main types of waste water. Grey water is all the waste water from areas of the home that exclude the toilet. This includes showers, taps, and bathtubs.
On the other hand, black water is all the water that contains organic waste and grease from toilets, kitchens, and dishwashers. Black water typically contains more pathogens and requires a more lengthy purification process.
Uses of grey water
Because grey water contains fewer pathogens and organic matter, it can be recycled and used for a variety of indoor and outdoor applications.
Grey water can be used for watering plants. Homeowners should ensure that the water contains the necessary levels of sodium, phosphorus, and nitrogen. In addition, watering should be done below the surface to minimise run off.
Showering and cleaning
Grey water is also useful for domestic cleaning purposes such as showering, washing clothes, and flushing the toilet. In fact, these activities are among the largest consumers of water. Recycling waste water allows homeowners to reduce their water consumption and save on costs.
Uses of black water
Due to the biological contents of black water, it often needs to undergo a chemical treatment process before being recycled for use. Domestic uses of black water should only be restricted for outdoor applications such as irrigation.
Black water comes in handy for irrigating large outdoor spaces while minimising the use of precious drinkable water. This is even more important during drought or when you would otherwise incur high utility bills.
As a result of recycling waste water, homeowners can enjoy greater water security because of their reduced consumption rate. They will also be able to save on costs while caring for the environment. For more information, contact local domestic treatment plants.